The Øresund Region – Gateway to Scandinavia

Role within the Corridor

The Øresund region consists of Zealand, Lolland-Falster, Møn, and Bornholm in Denmark and the Region of Scania in Sweden.

The Øresund Region is the largest of the Scandinavian logistics hubs and the fifth largest in Northern Europe. With more than € 14 billion turnover and 77,000 employees in the logistics sector, the Øresund Region can compare itself with cities like Paris, Barcelona, and Hamburg. Furthermore the Øresund Region has the highest population density in the Nordic Region with more than 3.7 million inhabitants within an area half the size of Switzerland. With a workforce of 1.8 mio, the region also provides the largest recruitment base in Scandinavia. Moreover, the Øresund Region has the highest concentration of highly educated people in Scandinavia. There is a close cooperation among universities, industries and the public sectors across the Øresund.

The Øresund Region is the largest of the Scandinavian logistics hubs
The Øresund Region is the largest of the Scandinavian logistics hubs

Being innovative is another way of getting a competitive advantage and in this respect the Øresund bridge turned out to be a good business opportunity for the logistics and transportation sector. Many companies were able to create new, efficient distribution systems as customer demands shifted towards “just-in-time“ deliveries. Furthermore, the bridge opened up to a 3.7 million consumer market within few hours of transportation from nearly anywhere in the region. Over night the logistical hub in Scandinavia moved south – to the Øresund Region. Since the opening, several companies restructured their distribution patterns in Scandinavia and centralised stock facilities in or around the Øresund Region.

Best practice:

Copenhagen-Malmö Port (CMP) is an excellent example of how a fixed link between two countries can create synergy effects and new cross-border cooperation. The twin ports are located opposite each other about 26 km apart and connected via the Øresund bridge. Two of Scandinavia’s major railway facilities, marshalling yard and combi terminal, are located at CMP on the Swedish side. Copenhagen Airport (Kastrup) is located near the bridge on the Danish side.

Prior to the opening of the bridge in 2000, there was virtually no cooperation between the ports of Copenhagen and Malmö. In 2001 the two ports merged into one and in 2003 one of the world’s leading car manufacturers, Toyota, chose to compile its entire Scandinavian distribution in Malmö. The deciding factor for this was the availability of multimodal transport options (container terminal, railway, and motorway). From the start in 2003 until today, one million cars have passed through CMP.

In the beginning of 2011, container processing in Malmö will move to Norra hamnen, which will enable close interaction between ships, trucks and rail. In Copenhagen, a new access road to the motorway network will be ready in 2014. This will significantly improve truck traffic to and from the port. The strategic plan is to move the container terminal to a new site in 2018 – near the present location.

With the Øresund bridge the Copenhagen Airport moved closer to Sweden.
With the Øresund bridge the Copenhagen Airport moved closer to Sweden.

Facts and Figures

Information about the Region of Zealand and the
Capital Region
Size of the region 12,395 m2 (9,834 + 2,561)
Number of inhabitants 1 2.5 mio
(1,699,387 + 819,763)
GDP per capita 2 105,507 €
Export no data
Import no data
People employed in the
transport / logistics sector 3
55,494
(23,639 & 31,855)
Information about the Region of Scania
Size of the region 11,027 m2
Number of inhabitants 4 1.2 mio
GDP per capita 5 31,650 €
Export 6 9.850 billion € (2010)
Import 7 10.480 billion € 2010)
People employed in the
transport / logistics sector 8
21,654
Most important hubs and ports
Copenhagen-Malmö Port 9 2.10 mio t (2009)
Kastrup airport 10 1.64 mio t (2009)
Port of Trelleborg 0.41 mio t (2009)
Port of Helsingborg 7 mio t (2009, Container
and Ro/Ro)

Sources: 1: Væksttendens 2010; 2: Danmarks statistik, www.statistikbanken.dk; 3: Godstransportens Udvikling i Øresundsregionen, 2006; 4: Væksttendens 2010; 5: Statistiska Centrabyrån, www.scb.se + www.riksbank.se; 6: SCB + www.riksbank.se; 7: SCB + www.riksbank.se; 8: Godstransportens Udvikling i Øresundsregionen, 2006; 9: 10 år – Øresundsbronog Regionen, 2010; 10: www.cph.dk

Contact
Patrik Rydén,
Øresund Logistics
Lene Rasmussen,
Øresund Logistics